Passive Fire Protection
The following is an extract from 'ASFP Guide to Inspecting Passive Fire Protection for Fire Risk Assessors'
Passive Fire Protection products are those 'built-in' to to the fabric of a building to restrict the growth and spread of fire and smoke. They do this by controlling the flammability of wall and ceiling linings; dividing the building into fire-resisting compartments; providing protection to the structure of the building to prevent its collapse; and providing protective routes for escape.
PFP products include: fire doors, fire-resisting walls, floors and ceilings, fire-resisting ducts and dampers, fire-stopping, and fire protection to structural members.
The supporting guidance documents to the Building Regulations make reference to the PFP in a building. In the United Kingdom and Ireland the PFP measures that need to be considered are detailied in the following documents:
- England and Wales - Approved Document B 2006 (AD-B)
- Scotland - Technical Handbook B 2010
- Northern Ireland - Technical Booklet E 2005
- Ireland - Technical Guidance Document B 2006
Much of the PFP included in the supporting guidance documents is designed to ensure that in the event of fire, the occupants can escape from a building; fire will not spread easily within it or to other buildings; the fire and rescure service can attend safety; and the building will not collapse prematurely.
As part of undertaking a fire risk assessment, fire risk assessors will need to undertake an evaluation of PFP in a building. Whilst much of the information given in the guide relates to the regulations listed above, this is mostly given in terms of fire-resistance using conventional failure criteria. In practice, smoke is one of the major causes of deaths in fire and consequently a competent risk assessor should concentrate on passive fire protection measures that restrict the spread of smoke within the building.
Want To Know More
... 2014 to bring to life the benefits of effective passive fire protection (PFP). ...
The Association for Specialist Fire Protection is collaborating with the BRE Trust in a research project ... understanding of the contribution of different types of passive fire protection systems to the overall resilience of a building in the ...
Passive fire protection measures demonstrated in dramatic fashion by Exova Warringtonfire at FIREX International... demonstrating in dramatic fashion, the benefits of effective passive fire protection at FIREX International in June. Using a mix of highly ...
In recent years commercial property design, especially in skyscrapers, has developed significantly as modern architects have pushed conventional boundaries to the limits. We have seen a move away from straight lines and sharp...
... Technical Approval Guidelines (ETAGs) for a range of passive fire protection products to be converted to mandatory harmonised European ...
David Sugden, Chairman of the Passive Fire Protection Federation says Risk Assessments should always start with the structure.
The Association for Specialist Fire Protection (ASFP) will be taking part in a number of events this Autumn, ...
The European Association for Passive Fire Protection (EAPFP) has urged the European Commission (EC) to replace the ...
... third party certification schemes can help to ensure that passive fire protection systems continue to play the vital life safety role for which ...
... at BM TRADA discusses the impact that the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order has had on the passive fire protection industry. ...